Containerization Essay


(Assignment No 3)

Presented by: Patryk Czapski

Advanced License in Strategies and Supply Cycle Management


Presented on: 25/09/2010

Table of Contents:

1 . Introduction

installment payments on your Containerization – definition and historic history

3. Economical impact of containers in world transact

4. Is usually Box at the rear of the the positive effect

5. Additional effects of containerization

6. Summary and Suggestions

7. Bibliography


Shipping container ought to be viewed as one of most crucial inventions of the second 50 % of 20th hundred years. Considering how large influence the containerization had in surrounding the world all of us live in today it is remarkable hoe few people is actually aware about its importance. It surly deserves to get placed amongst such a revolutionary inventions as the Internet plus the PC's. It may be that for most people, containers are only metal bins, not fascinacion enough to become part of wider pop traditions.

Containerization – definition and historic history

The concept of containerization is considered because the key advancement in the field of strategies which has changed distinguishly freight handling in the 20th century.

Containerization is usually an system of transporting nearly every kind of general cargo or perhaps product in quantities which would be also small to get the, till recently, classic way of shipping, known as bulk transport system. Containerized shipping and delivery is done by making use of large steel boxes, popularly known as containers (with their particular dimensions depending on universally adopted ISO standard). This new way of moving valuables is widely referred to as an inter-modal system of transporting, which means that goods could be easily moved from one position to another in these containers which can be loaded undamaged onto the container delivers, trucks, railroad cars and planes.

It is an American entrepreneur, Malcom Purcell McLean (November 16, 1913 – May 25, 2001) that deserves the justification to be named " the father of containerization". [1]In 1956, he developed the metallic shipping container, which changed the traditional break bulk way of handling dried out goods and revolutionized the transport of products and cargo worldwide. This individual later founded Sea-Land Services, Inc., a shipping business that started to be to be one of many pioneers in the intermodal shipment transportation.

In some ways, McLean's vision was nothing new. As early as 1929, company known as Seatrain Lines had carried railroad boxcars on it is sea ships to transport products between New york city and Barrica. What was fresh about his innovation was your idea of employing large storage containers that were hardly ever opened in transit between shipper and consignee and this were transferable on an intermodal basis, among trucks, boats and railcars.

It was a logical next step that textbox sizes could be standardized, as international shipping groups previously recognized the potential of container shipping, they began discussing the actual standard container sizes ought to be. In 1961, the International Corporation for Standardization (ISO) collection standard sizes. The two most significant, and most commonly used sizes even today, are the 20-foot and 40-foot lengths. The 20-foot container, referred to as a Twenty-foot Equal Unit (TEU) became the industry common reference with cargo volume level and boat capacity now measured in TEUs. The 40-foot size container -- literally 2 TEUs - became known as the Forty-foot Equal Unit (FEU) and is the most frequently used textbox today.

Monetary impact of containers in world control

There was couple of reasons why containerization manufactured such a great impact on the world economy, but ultimately they all have the same common denominator -- significant reduction in cost of shifting freight. In 1950's and early...

Bibliography: • Mullen, P. ”Module 3, Transfer and the source chain. ”, (2005)

• (

• MacMillan, D. C. " Competitive general cargo ship”, Transactions of S TERM, Vol. sixty-eight, p. sixteen (1960)

• Levinson, Meters., " Textbox shipping as well as the economy – Stimulating Operate and Changes Worldwide”, The Intermodal Pot Era, Vol. 246, p. 10 (2006)

• Levinson, M., " The Box: How the Shipping Pot Made the World Smaller and the World Economic climate Bigger”, Princeton University Press, (2006)

• Gardner, M., " The container revolution and its results on the composition of traditional UK boat shipping companies”, Maritime transportation, edited simply by Mary Ur. Brooks, Kenneth Button and Peter Nijkamp, (2002)



[2] MacMillan, D. C. " Competitive basic cargo ship”, Transactions of S NAME, Vol. 68, p. 18 (1960)


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