Natural Catastrophes in India with Unique Reference to Tamil Nadu Dissertation

J. Acad. Indus. Ers. Vol. 1(2) July 2012

59

ISSN: 2278-5213

REVIEW

Natural problems in India with unique reference to Tamil Nadu A. Stephen Dept. of Ecology, French Commence of Pondicherry, Puducherry-605001, India stephanos. [email protected] com; +91 9841890069 ____________________________________________________________________________________________

Abstract

Normal disasters in India, some of them related to the climate of India, cause massive losses of Of india life and property. Droughts, flash surges, cyclones, avalanches, landslides attributable to torrential down pours and snowstorms pose the highest threats. Landslides are common in the Lower Himalayas. Parts of the Western Ghats also suffer from low-intensity landslides. Floods will be the most common all-natural disaster in India. The heavy south west monsoon down pours cause the Brahmaputra and other rivers to distend their very own banks, generally flooding adjacent areas. Even though they provide grain paddy maqui berry farmers with a typically dependable supply of natural water sources and fertilization, the floods can eliminate thousands and displace large numbers. Excess, inconsistent, or early monsoon rain fall may also clean away or perhaps ruin crops. Almost all of India is flood-prone, and extreme precipitation incidents, such as flash floods and torrential down pours, have become increasingly common in central India over the past many decades, coinciding with rising temperatures. Suggest annual precipitation totals possess remained regular due to the declining frequency of weather devices that make moderate levels of rain. A natural disaster might be caused by earthquakes, flooding, volcanic eruption, landslide, hurricanes etc . In order to be categorized as a tragedy it will have outstanding environmental impact and/or individual loss and often incurs economical loss. This review elucidates the organic disasters of Tamil Nadu and its possible cause as well as the preventive/mitigation steps. Keywords: All-natural disasters, droughts, flash floods, cyclones, avalanches, landslides, hurricanes.

Introduction

On the global level, there has been significant concern above natural unfortunate occurances. Many natural disasters in India include caused havoc to the your life and home of individuals and characteristics as a whole every now and then. Because of this, Un General Set up, in 1989, declared the decade 1990-2000 as the International 10 years for All-natural Disaster Reduction with the objective to lessen loss of lives and house and minimize socio-economic destruction through determined international action for suitable management approaches, especially in the expanding countries. These types of disasters include cyclones, massive amounts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, indigences, drought, landslides etc . Among all the types mentioned floods and earthquakes are the most common in India. India is not a exception since it has been typically vulnerable to all-natural disasters because of its unique geo-climatic conditions. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides have already been recurrent trends in India due to large population growth, and immigration into urban areas (De et al., 2005). Tamil Nadu has witnessed havoc brought on by cyclones and storm spike in the coastal regions, earthquakes, monsoon massive amounts, landslides, and recently the Tsunami. Embrace urban human population coupled with the development of man-made structures often inadequately built and maintained subject cities to greater degrees of risk to our lives and house in the event of earthquakes and other natural hazards.

India is a location of 3, 287, 263 sq . kilometers and a coast of 7516 km, with all the last recognized census in 2001 exhibiting a human population 1 . 028 billion persons (MIB, 2009). Tamil Nadu covers a place of 130, 0582 kms and contains a coastline of approximately 1, 076 kms which is about 15% of the coast of India (Byravan ou al., 2011). More than 40% of the fisher population lives within 1km of coast and 50 percent of them live within a couple of km from the coast. The geographical placing of Tamil Nadu makes the...

References: В©Youth Education and Research Trust (YERT)

Sophie, 2012

В©Youth Education and Research Trust (YERT)

Stephen, 2012



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